noun \ˈpə-blik ˈspās\
a democratically accessible social space in which people can debate critically and reason freely; carefully designed to supervise or restrict social interaction of the marginalized and non-governed.
Fig. 1a Anti-sleep benches restrict use of piblic space and specifically target the homeless population in their design.
Fig. 1b The Arab Spring protests in Tahrir Square, Cairo. Public space, in the notion that it is of the people, democratizes space even in places where Democracy is hardly found and social interactions are regularly highly supervised, creating a politically charged space and concept.
Fig. 1c Digital spaces is a democratic forum through which its users are free to engage in critical debate thereby becoming a public space; activity on these sites, however, is often regulated, restricted, and controlled. This political and cultural resource may also be exploited for the private gain of a select few (such as the sale of data); see commons.
the cultural and natural resources upon which the welfare and safety of the whole of a community depend; privatized for the gain of select individuals at the cost of the community.
Fig. 2 Viable resources such as water, though nominally owned collectively, are subject to monopolization when the means for accessing and distributing those resources are in the hands of individual owners.
A relatively large and permanent settlement with complex infrastructural systems for sanitation, utilities, land use, housing, and transportation that greatly facilitates daily life of individuals belonging to that city; non-conforming individuals are excluded from these services and therefore, from the city.
Fig. 3a A boy in Mumbai, India walks into an open toilet on stilts where the waste goes directly into an open water source. Such is the informal infrastructure of shanty towns where the most marginalized citizens (and non-citizens) must provide the services at the neglect of their city.
Fig. 3b Trailer parks are semi-permanent, often marginalized offshoots of cities that must generally develop their own infrastructure and services; their mobility directly challenges the notion of a fixed and static city.
Fig. 1a: High Back Anti-Homeless Bus Bench, April 15, 2012, accessed September 15, 2013, http://www.flickr.com/photos/divewizard/6969986268/
Fig. 1b: “Public Space Powered Democracy,” Project For Public Spaces, Feb. 23, 2011, accessed September 15, 2013 https://www.pps.org/blog/public-space-powered-democracy/
Fig. 2: “Coke-Sponsored Rover Finds Evidence of Dasani on Mars,” The Onion, March 24, 2004, accessed September 16, 2013, http://www.theonion.com/articles/cokesponsored-rover-finds-evidence-of-dasani-on-ma,1146/
Fig. 3a: “In India, A toilet shortage drains the economy,” Businessweek, Sept. 9, 2013, Accessed September 15, 2013, http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-09-09/in-india-a-toilet-shortage-drains-the-economy
Fig. 3b: Erik Jacobs, “Waiting in Fear in Government Trailers,” The Boston Globe, September 3, 2006, accessed September 15, 2013, http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2006/09/03/waiting_in_fear_in_government_trailers/?page=full